Recycling Information

Types of Ferrous & Non-Ferrous Metals


Ferrous Metals

#1 Heavy Melting Steel Prepared pieces smaller than 60”x 24” over ¼“ thick.
#1 HMS Prepared pieces smaller than 60”x 24” over ¼“ thick.
#1 Prepared Prepared scrap steel smaller than 5 ft by 2 ft and with a heavy gauge of ¼ inch or more.
#1 Steel Prepared pieces smaller than 60"x 24” over 1/4“ thick.
#2 Heavy Melting Steel Black pipe, longer unprepared pieces of #1 HMS.
#2 HMS Scrap Steel with a lighter gauge and cannot include Light Iron or Sheet Metal.
#2 Prepared Scrap Steel with a lighter gauge and cannot include Light Iron or Sheet Metal.
Automobiles Scrap Autos are to be prepared by a licensed “auto recycler,” once processed free of gas tank, fluids, and battery it is densified or “crushed” for transportation purposes.
Busheling Unpainted, new production scrap smaller than 12” and nothing coated on, no rust, or paint.
Car w/Tires Ask dealer.
Cast Iron Coil or old water piping, castings or plates from machinery.
Complete Car A vehicle that has the radiator, battery, catalytic converter, motor, transmission, wheels and tires. A title for the vehicle is required.
Crushed Cars Scrap Autos are to be prepared by a licensed “auto recycler,” once processed free of gas tank, fluids, and battery it is densified or “crushed” for transportation purposes.
Dishwashers Could be sold as is for scrap.
Dry Automobile Vehicle is drained of all fluids and the tires/wheels have been removed.
Dryers Could be sold as-is for scrap.
Incomplete Car A vehicle that is missing one or more of the following: radiator, battery, catalytic converter, motor, transmission, wheels and/or tires. Required to have a title for the vehicle.
Light Iron Household appliances (“white” goods), hot water heaters, and misc sheet steel.
Machine Shop Turning/Iron Borings Unpainted, new production scrap smaller than 12" and nothing coated on.
Plate & Structural Steel Prepared I-Beams, channels, angles and/or plates, steel gerters, and structural steel from demolition scrap. Clean/dry plate- not to be over 24” wide and 36-60” in lengeth depending on a “3 foot” or “5 foot” specification.
Refrigerators Could be sold as-is for scrap.
Rotors Rotors are a heavy steel and are from car and truck wheels. Most scrap yards that buy ferrous metals will accept them.
Scrap Iron All scrap ferrous materials, light or heavy in gauge, free of glass/plastics/debris & contamination.
Sheet Iron Household appliances (“white” goods), hot water heaters, and misc sheet steel.
Shreddable Steel Household appliances (“white” goods), hot water heaters, and misc sheet steel.
Steel Shavings Clean steel turnings, new production scrap smaller than 12" and nothing coated on.
Tin Household appliances (“white” goods), hot water heaters, and misc sheet steel.
Uncleaned Auto Cast Whole or particle cast iron auto or truck engines. Transmissions may or may not be attached. Also can be calledrotors and drums with plastic bare engine blocks.
Unprepared Cast Iron Assorted iron castings.
Unprepared HMS Black pipe, longer unprepared pieces of HMS.
Unprepared P&S Beam (I-Beams), channels, angles and/or plates, steel gerters, and structural steel from demolitition scrap. Material is over 36-60” in length dpending on a “3 or 5 foot” specification.
Washing Machines Could be sold as-is for scrap.
Water Heaters Could be sold as-is for scrap.
Wet Automobile Has fluids & tires still attached to the vehicles.

Non-Ferrous Metals

#1 Bare Bright Copper Wire Bare, uncoated, unalloyed copper wire free of attachments. All the insulation has been removed from the wire and it is free of solder and paint.
#1 Copper Tubing Bare, uncoated, unalloyed copper bus bar/pipe free of attachments.
#1 Flashing Copper Bare, uncoated, unalloyed copper free of tar, corrosion, paint, etc. Used in house decor and roofing.
#2 Copper Tubing Burnt copper, copper with light tin coating, solder, or brass fittings still attached.
#2/3 Mix Copper When Copper Tubing and Roofing Copper are mixed together instead of separated and usually has solder or paint on it.
#3 Copper with Tar Roofing copper with heavy tar, wood, or attachments.
#3 Roofing Copper Roofing/gutter/flashing copper with little tar or attachments like nails or wood.
17-4 Stainless Steel Must be analyzed and have no attachments. Used in the food and aerospace industries.
300 Series Stainless Steel Most common form of Stainless Steel, will not stick to a magnet.
304 Stainless Steel Must be analyzed and have no attachments. Commonly found in kitchen equipment.
310 Stainless Steel Must be analyzed and have no attachments. Often used for high temperature equipment.
316 Stainless Steel Must be analyzed and have no attachments. Used in food and boat industries.
321 Stainless Steel Must be analyzed and have no attachments. Used in aircrafts and exhaust systems.
400 Series Stainless Steel Contains no nickel and is magnetic. Used for high temperatures.
500/750 Insulated Cable Insulated Copper Cable with rubber jacket.
ACR Free of brass/iron/plastic.
ACR Ends Ends from the ACR/Copper Fins, usually contain iron or steel.
AL Extrusion Must not contain other alloys of aluminum and be free of zinc corners, iron attachments, felt, plastic, paper, cardboard, and thermo break.
AL Thermopane Aluminum with plastic insulated running through the middle.
AL/ Copper Rads w/Iron Plastic/iron/steel attached.
AL/Copper Cutoffs Ends from the ACR/Copper Fins, usually contain iron or steel.
Alternators Found in cars, trucks, and other vehicles, they are filled with wound copper wire.
Aluminum #3 Mid-grade aluminum that is not considered breakage but not as clean as aluminum.
Aluminum 6061 Clean cutoff 6061 material. May have to be analyzed by scrap yard.
Aluminum 6063 Clean cutoff 6063 material. May have to be analyzed by scrap yard.
Aluminum Boat Many boats will have wood, debris, foam, or other contaminants in them. It is recommended you clean out all non-aluminum items to maximize your returns.
Aluminum Breakage Aluminum recyclables with greater than 8% of foreign attachments but less than 40%
Aluminum Bumpers No plastic/foam/steel attached.
Aluminum Cans Free of foil/tin/plastic/liquid/ garbage/etc. Can be crushed or whole.
Aluminum Clips Clean cutoff 6061 material.
Aluminum Copper Coil Free of steel, rubber, plastic, generally from air conditioning units.
Aluminum Copper Radiators Free of brass/iron/plastic.
Aluminum Diesel Tank The fuel tanks off of diesel trucks, make sure that there is a hole cut in it and that it was drained correctly.
Aluminum Engine Block From cars, trucks, other vehicles, make sure that they are free of oil and remove plastic attachments.
Aluminum Litho No paper/plastic/ink or other contaminants.
Aluminum Radiators Auto radiators free of steel/plastic/liquid.
Aluminum Rims Free of rubber tire/dirt/attachments. Free of Lead Wheel Weights.
Aluminum Scrap Aluminum Scrap: Many variations of aluminum, ask scrap yard.
Aluminum Siding Clean of plastic coating/foam/dirt/steel. Remove steel nails for clean price.
Aluminum Thermo-Pane/Break Aluminum with plastic insulated running through the middle.
Aluminum Transformers Has a steel core with aluminum windings surrounding it. Could have an outer case surrounding the aluminum as well.
Aluminum Turnings The excess from machine cut aluminum free of oil or steel.
Aluminum Wire w/Steel Clean aluminum wire can sometimes have a steel core going through or around it. Use your magnet to find out.
Ballasts Consist of copper inside of them, found in lighting fixtures.
Bare Bright Copper Bare, uncoated, unalloyed copper wire free of attachments.
Brass Mixed Brass castings, taps, valves, rod brass, chrome plated brass.
Brass Hair Wire Brass wire, zinc plated or clean, from EDM machine.
Brass Heater Cores Brass heater cores from automobiles, no steel.
Brass Pipe Free of solder/cast iron connections/free of sediment inside.
Brass Radiators Free of steel sides and no coolant inside.
Brass Scrap Many variations of copper, ask scrap yard.
Brass Shells Little plastic/dirt/steel attached or residue inside w/out primers.
Brass Turnings The excess from machine cut brass free of oil or steel.
Bronze Free of high lead contamination or steel.
Bronze Turnings The excess from machine cut bronze, free of oil or steel.
Burnt Copper Copper wire that has been burnt and has residue/contamination.
Car/Truck Batteries No holes, battery intact. Lead-acid batteries. Labeled "PB".
Carbide Must be analyzed and have no attachments.
Cast Aluminum Clean casted aluminum without steel/rubber/attachments.
Catalytic Converters Must have both ends of exhaust cut off so scrap yard can see inside.
CATV Wire Must be separated white from black.
Christmas Lights Separate these from other wire due to the higher plastic content from the bulbs and other insulation.
Circuit Breakers Many scrap yards will buy these as low bearing copper material.
Clean ACR Free of brass/iron/plastic.
Clean AL Wire Free of steel, plastic, rubber. Insulated cover is removed and no steel.
Clean AL/Copper Fin Free of brass/iron/plastic.
Clean Brass Radiators Free of steel sides and no coolant inside.
Clean Brass Turnings No aluminum/steel mixed in, free of oil.
Clean Roofing Copper Roofing/gutter/flashing copper with no tar or attachments.
Cobalt Must be analyzed and have no attachments.
Communications Wire CAT 5/6, Data wire, Insulated copper with plastic.
Composition Scrap Red Brass free of high lead contamination or steel.
Compressors Drained from oil/fluids from AC Units/Cooling Units.
Copper Scrap Many variations of copper, ask scrap yard.
Copper Transformers Has a steel core with copper windings surrounding it. Could have an outer case surrounding the copper as well.
Copper Turnings No aluminum/steel mixed in, free of oil.
Copper Yokes Copper Yokes are found on back of TV's and usually have a plastic cone around the copper wire.
Die Cast Free of steel/iron/platic and melted pieces.
Dirty ACR Plastic/iron/steel attached.
Dirty AL Extrusion Dirty aluminum with plastic, rubber, contaminants on or as part of it.
Dirty AL Radiators Auto radiators with steel/plastic (no liquids).
Dirty AL/Copper Fin Plastic/iron/steel attached.
Dirty Aluminum Turnings Containing traces of steel or oil.
Dirty Brass Contaminated with heavy iron, castings, plastic.
Dirty Brass Radiators Plastic or iron attached to radiators (no coolant).
Dirty Roofing Copper Roofing copper with heavy tar, wood, or attachments.
Double Insulated Cable Used in many high voltage situations to ensure that copper is protected due to heavy electrical current.
EC Wire Free of steel, plastic, rubber.
Electric Motors (Aluminum) Whole motor without heavy steel attachments (pumps, bases, loose iron).
Electric Motors (Copper) Whole motor without heavy steel attachments (pumps, bases, loose iron).
Elevator Wire Insulated copper wire used in powering and running elevators, this will have a heavy cloth insulation as well as a steel core.
Enameled Copper Coated copper, similar to a dirty copper pipe.
F 75 Must be analyzed and have no attachments.
Fire Wire Used for running fire alarm systems.
Forktruck Battery Steel encased lead acid batteries, they will be bought for less than a normal car battery price.
FSX 414 Must be analyzed and have no attachments.
Fuses Many scrap yards will buy these as low bearing copper material.
Gold Please call dealer for their description on buying gold scrap. Most will require State ID.
Hastelloy Solids Must be analyzed and have no attachments.
Hastelloy Turnings Must be analyzed and have no attachments.
Heliax Wire Cell Phone Wire, several kinds, contact your yard to explain which you have.
High Speed Steel Must be analyzed and have no attachments.
Housewire Romex®, CAT 5/6, Aluminum Jacketed BX w/copper inside, and other insulated wire.
Inconel Must be analyzed and have no attachments.
Inconel 792 Must be analyzed and have no attachments.
Inconel 800 Must be analyzed and have no attachments.
Inconel 825 Must be analyzed and have no attachments.
Insulated Aluminum Wire Aluminum Wire covered by jacket, free of steel.
Insulated Copper Cable Copper cable with heavier jacket or coating.
Insulated Copper Wire Romex, CAT 5/6, Aluminum Jacketed BX w/copper inside.
Insulated Steel BX Steel clad jacket with copper wire inside.
Invar Must be analyzed and have no attachments.
Junkshop Extrusion An extrusion, painted or not, containing no more than 3% iron.
Kovar Must be analyzed and have no attachments.
Lead Soft Scrap lead with no steel/foil/paper/brass or attachments.
Lead Batteries No holes, battery intact. Labeled "PB" on fine print.
Lead Coated Copper Roofing Copper/Bus bar with lead coating.
Lead Shot Lead from bullets.
Lead Wheel Weights No iron clips attached.
Light Copper Roofing/gutter/flashing copper with little tar or attachments.
MarM247 Must be analyzed and have no attachments.
Meatballs (Electric Motors) Electric motors taken from various appliances, machines, and equipment.
Monel Must be analyzed and be free of attachments.
Ni-Cad Batteries Non broken and no holes.
Nickel Must be analyzed and have no attachments.
Non Magnetic Stainless Steel Must not stick to a magnet, have steel or other items attached.
Old Sheet Aluminum No plastic/steel/glass/dirt on the material.
Painted Aluminum Window Frame, AL Siding, that has been painted.
Pewter With many types and grades of pewter, most scrap yards will have to analyze it before giving you a price.
Platinum Must be analyzed and have no attachments.
Plumbers Brass Mixed Brass castings, taps, valves, rod brass, chrome plated brass.
Prepared Aluminum No dirt/steel/attachments.
Red Brass Free of high lead contamination or steel.
Refined Rebrass & Copper Brass and copper recyclables that consist of 50% or more of red metals.
Rod Brass Cutoffs from machine shops and new brass production.
Rod Brass Turnings The excess from machine cut brass free of oil or steel.
Romex® Wire Most common in homes, has two jackets on the copper.
Sealed Units Drained from oil/fluids from AC Units/Cooling Units.
Semi-Red Brass A good example is a water meter, ask your scrap yard for their classification.
Sheet Aluminum No plastic/steel/glass/dirt on the material.
Silver Please call dealer for their description on buying silver scrap. Most will require State ID.
Silver Plated Copper Copper with a small amount of silver as the coating.
Solid Core Heliax Used in cell phone systems, they have a solid aluminum core running through them along with copper on the outside.
Stainless Steel Must not stick to a magnet, have steel or other items attached.
Stainless Steel Breakage Consists of stainless steel, but allows for small percentages of plastic and contaminants. Must be at least 50% stainless steel.
Stainless Steel Heatsinks Used in computers to cool them, they are often grouped in with aluminum copper radiators.
Stainless Steel Kegs Many states will not let you scrap these, so check with your local laws before trying to scrap them. Make sure that they are empty before scrapping them.
Stainless Steel Sinks Most sinks will have a steel ring going around the bottom and will be bought lower than clean stainless.
Stainless Turnings The excess from machine cut stainless steel free of oil or steel.
Starters Found in cars, trucks, and other vehicles, they are filled with wound copper wire.
Steel BX Steel clad jacket with copper wire inside.
Steel Case Batteries Used in machinery like forktrucks and forklifts, with lead-acid.
THHN Wire 10-14 gauge wire, Spaghetti Wire, Solid copper inside.
Tin Babbit Must be analyzed and have no attachments.
Tin Coated Copper Copper wire with a small amount of tin as the coating.
Tin Insulated Copper Wire Tin Coated copper with insulation of any kind.
Unclean Brass Radiators Plastic or iron attached to radiators (no coolant).
Wire Scrap Many variations of copper, ask scrap yard.
Wiring Harness Wires inside of a heavy plastic from cars.
Yellow Brass Mixed Brass castings, taps, valves, rod brass, chrome plated brass.
Zinc Pure Zinc without any foreign material.
Zorba A heterogeneous mixture of aluminum and copper that remains after the shredded car has passed through the entire downstream operation.

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